infantilemassage 小儿推拿

Pediatric massage is based on the concept of the motherland as a whole on the basis of the theory of yin and yang, organs and meridians and other theories as a theoretical guide, the use of a variety of techniques to stimulate acupuncture points, so that the meridian smooth, blood circulation, in order to adjust the function of organs, Of a method.

The treatment system of pediatric massage was formed in the Ming Dynasty, marked by the advent of children's massage. Pediatric acupuncture points a little bit of points, linear points, facial cave, etc., in the operating method to emphasize light and gentle, smooth really, pay attention to diarrhea and manipulation procedures, common diseases, frequently-occurring disease have a better effect, Road disease is particularly effective.

Common cause

Pediatric, diarrhea, eating, anorexia, abdominal pain, prolapse, cold, cough, asthma, fever, enuresis, night cry, muscle torticollis, stiff neck,

Symptoms of pediatric disease are diarrhea, vomiting, anorexia, fever, cough and so on.

Is now a child diarrhea, for example, the practice of massage points. According to the history and stool traits to determine the initial type.

Diarrhea of ​​the basic massage prescription: push the spleen, pushing the large intestine, rubbing umbilical, rubbing the abdomen to reconcile the spleen and stomach, to help transport wet; transport gossip to adjust the qi and strengthen other practices; push on the seven bone, Tail to stop diarrhea.

Wounded

Evidence of diarrhea before the history of diarrhea, stool and more, smell sour, often folder does not digest food residue, with bad breath, abdominal distension, mostly injury diarrhea.

Governance is spleen and digestion, modifier diarrhea.

Massage push the spleen by the supplement method, push the large intestine with clear method.

Plus rubbing the door, rubbing in the abdominal, rubbing Tianshu.

  1. cold dampness and diarrhea

See the stool thin and thin, like water, light pale smell, thin white or white greasy, with aversion to cold, nasal congestion runny nose embolism, mostly cold dampness and diarrhea.

Governance is spleen dampness, temperature stop diarrhea.

Massage and push the spleen and push the big intestine are used to fill the law.

Plus push three customs, rubbing foreign labor palace.

  1. hot diarrhea

See the stool water samples or egg pattern, diarrhea urgent, stool foul, the amount of frequency, or folder mucus, with fever, irritability thirst, embolism, mostly wet diarrhea.

Governance is heat and dampness, modifier diarrhea.

Massage and push the spleen and push the big intestine are used to reduce the law.

Plus clear small intestine, pushing six organs, rubbing Tianshu.

  1. spleen diarrhea

Evidence of diarrhea in the course of a long time unhealed, stool loose pond, color is not smelly, folder does not digest the food residue, more than after eating diarrhea, with body weight loss, fatigue, mostly spleen diarrhea.

Governance is spleen Qi, solid intestinal diarrhea.

Massage and push the spleen and push the big intestine are used to fill the law.

Plus push three off, Chiropractic, according to rubbed Zusanli.

  1. spleen and kidney yang diarrhea

Card see diarrhea in the course of time unhealed, or five more obvious diarrhea, with aphrodisiac cold and other manifestations of yang, mostly spleen and kidney yang diarrhea.

Governance is warm spleen and kidney, solid intestinal antidiarrheal.

Massage and push the spleen and push the big intestine are used to fill the law.

Plus rubbing two horses, kidney meridian.

Contraindications

Pediatric massage therapy is extensive, the effect is good, but there are some cases not suitable for use, as follows:

  1. skin burns, scald, abrasions, laceration and born with scabies, local should not massage.

  2. Some acute infectious diseases, such as cellulitis, bone tuberculosis, osteomyelitis, erysipelas and other patients should not be massage.

  3. A variety of malignant tumors, trauma, fractures, bone dislocation and other patients should not be massage.

  4. Some acute infectious diseases, such as acute hepatitis, tuberculosis and other patients should not be massage.

  5. severe heart disease, liver disease and mental patients, careful massage.

The pathological characteristics of pediatric diseases determine the incidence of pediatric easy, rapid transmission, improper treatment or not timely affect the prognosis of the disease, so the massage therapy should be performed by a professional physician, and if necessary, with the internal treatment method to cooperate with the treatment.

Adjuvant therapy

Such as myopia, anemia, not long, and so on.

小儿推拿是建立在祖国医学整体观念的基础上,以阴阳五行、脏腑经络等学说为理论指导,运用各种手法刺激穴位,使经络通畅、气血流通,以达到调整脏腑功能、治病保健目的的一种方法。

小儿推拿的治疗体系形成于明代,以《保婴神术按摩经》等小儿推拿专著的问世为标志。小儿推拿的穴位有点状穴、线状穴、面状穴等,在操作方法上强调轻快柔和、平稳着实,注重补泻手法和操作程序,对常见病、多发病均有较好疗效,对消化道病症疗效尤佳。

常见病因

小儿泄泻,呕吐,食积,厌食,便秘,腹痛,脱肛,感冒,咳嗽,哮喘,发热,遗尿,夜啼,肌性斜颈,落枕,惊风等

小儿疾病的常见症状为泄泻、呕吐、厌食、发热、咳嗽等

现以小儿泄泻为例,试述推拿选穴。可根据病史及大便性状初步判断证型。

泄泻的基本推拿处方为:推脾经、推大肠、揉脐、摩腹以调和脾胃,助运化湿;运内八卦以调中理气,并加强其他手法;推上七节骨,揉龟尾以调中止泻。

1.伤食泻

证见泄泻前有伤食病史,大便量多,气味酸臭,常夹不消化食物残渣,伴口臭、腹胀,多为伤食泻。

治则健脾消食,调腑止泻。

推拿推脾经用补法,推大肠用清法。

加揉板门,揉中脘,揉天枢。

2.寒湿泻

证见大便稀薄多沫,甚如水样,色淡臭味小,苔薄白或白腻,伴恶寒发热、鼻塞流涕等症,多为寒湿泻。

治则健脾化湿,温中止泻。

推拿推脾经及推大肠均用补法。

加推三关,揉外劳宫。

3.湿热泻

证见大便水样或蛋花样,泻下急迫,大便臭秽,量多次频,或夹黏液,伴发热、烦躁口渴等症,多为湿热泻。

治则清热化湿,调腑止泻。

推拿推脾经及推大肠均用泻法。

加清小肠,推六腑,揉天枢。

4.脾虚泻

证见泄泻日久不愈,大便稀溏,色淡不臭,夹不消化食物残渣,多于食后作泻,伴形体消瘦、乏力等,多为脾虚泻。

治则健脾益气,固肠止泻。

推拿推脾经及推大肠均用补法。

加推三关,捏脊,按揉足三里。

5.脾肾阳虚泻

证见泄泻日久不愈,或五更泻明显,伴畏寒肢冷等阳虚表现,多为脾肾阳虚泻。

治则温补脾肾,固肠止泻。

推拿推脾经及推大肠均用补法。

加揉二马,补肾经。

禁忌证

小儿推拿疗法治疗范围广泛,效果良好,但也有一些情况不适合使用,如下:

1.皮肤发生烧伤、烫伤、擦伤、裂伤及生有疥疮者,局部不宜推拿。

2.某些急性感染性疾病,如蜂窝织炎、骨结核、骨髓炎、丹毒等患者不宜推拿。

3.各种恶性肿瘤、外伤、骨折、骨头脱位等患者不宜推拿。

4.某种急性传染病,如急性肝炎、肺结核病等患者不宜推拿。

5.严重心脏病、肝病患者及精神病患者,慎推拿。

小儿疾病的病理特点决定了小儿发病容易、传变迅速,治疗不当或不及时会影响疾病的愈后转归,故推拿疗法应由专业医师执行,且必要时需配合内治法协同治疗。

辅助治疗疾病:

感冒、咳嗽、发烧、哮喘、肺炎、支气管炎等呼吸系统疾病;腹泻、便秘、厌食等消化系统疾病;还可以用在一些保健预防上面比如近视、贫血、不长个等等。